Zero waste the easy way.

15 Ways to Greenify your New Year

Written by Ariana Palmieri. Contributed by Sydney Montagna.
Ah yes, New Years. You know what that entails: Resolutions you don't intend to keep. But what if your New Years resolutions could help save the world? Here, I list 15 ways you can help protect the planet this year, and in the process, create a better, healthier you:


1. Get rid of single-use plastics

Plastic bags are notorious for being used once and can end up polluting the ocean. Lets put an end to that.
Single-use plastics consist of plastic grocery bags, straws, bottles, forks, and spoons. They're unnecessary waste and since every piece of plastic that was ever created is still around today, it's best not to create any more of it. After all, only 10% of plastic is actually recycled, which is low considering we produce nearly three hundred million metric tons of plastic globally each year. The solution? Choose to use reusable grocery bags (which you can find at almost every supermarket now), pretty glass straws you won't be throwing away anytime soon, wooden utensils you can use at home or take anywhere, and a refillable water bottle.

2. Wear less fur and leather

Fur and leather are made from animals. In order to get fur and leather, animals are treated inhumanely. In some countries, cows are raised just to make leather. In India, for example, cows are forced to march hundreds of miles, and workers sometimes rub chili peppers or salt in their eyes to keep them moving. Sometimes they'll even break their tails. It's certainly not a cruelty free process. To produce fur, animals are sometimes caught in the wild or raised on fur factory forms. Either way, they are killed brutally via neck-breaking, asphyxiation, and anal electrocution. These methods are done to ensure the fur doesn't get covered in blood. However, if the pelt gets too bloody or mangled, they won't be used, meaning an animal was killed for no reason. To prevent this needless cruelty, purchase faux fur and vegan leather from trust worthy sources such as Payless, Target, and Imposter. Or, simply check inside shoes and purses before you purchase them: if they say “All Man Made Materials”, go for it!

3. Upcycle: Aluminum never looked so good 

Look how cute these aluminum cans turned out to be!
Aluminum cans can be used to create so many new things! You can use old soup or sauce cans as pots for your garden or to simply grow some basil on your windowsill. Aluminum cans are also great for storing office supplies, like pens and pencils. You can take the wrapping off and paint the can to give it a personal touch too. Also, you can make wall art with aluminum cans: simply clean them off, spray paint them, fix them together, and attach them to a wall to create a modern, chic look. Aluminum pull tabs can also be used to create jewelry.

4. Make Ecosia your new search engine

This is probably the easiest thing you can do to help the Earth, trust me. Ecosia, a search engine dedicated to helping the environment, donates 80% of its income to planting trees. How does it work? Well, like every search engine, Ecosia gets its money through advertisements along side the search results. Each time someone uses Ecosia, they earn about 0.5 cents through ads. While this doesn't seem like a lot, Ecosia currently has 2,485,024  active users who do about 720,044 searches per day. That adds up, and they're able to plant a new tree every 13 seconds. Inspired? Go add Ecosia to your browser now and get searching!

5. Switch over to organic pet products 

Look at the cute puppies! Don't you agree they deserve the best of the best?

Pets deserve the best, which means you should seriously consider to switching them over to organic pet food brands. Why? Organic food is free of chemical pesticides and have more nutrients than regular food. Also, out of 14 animal studies, ten showed that animals fare better when fed organic food. So give brands like Oragnix, Newman's Own,  or Natural Planet Organics. Don't let it stop there: did you know most pet toys can contain harmful toxins in them? Avoid that by getting your pets organic plush toys, catnip toys, or recyclable, nontoxic chew bones. Have a bunny or a hamster? No problem, just make them a toy out of cardboard!

6. Upcycle: Make paper into art

Don't be so quick to throw paper away: it can be used to create new, beautiful works of art.
Paper is everywhere and reusing it is super easy. You can shred paper and use it for the cage of a pet like a bunny or guinea pig. You can also make fun origami using paper or improvise and use paper as gift wrap or a textbook cover. Non-toxic newspaper is even good to add to garden mulch, as long as you shred it up! Like being artsy? Try making a collage out of old magazines and newspapers or weaving your own basket out of paper. The possibilities are endless!

7. Reduce your water usage

Water is precious, and believe it or not, we only have so much of it. Even though 70% of the Earth's surface is covered by water, only 1% is available for human use. This means that once it runs out, we won't be able to make any more. The sad thing is, Americans use an average of 100 gallons of water a day, while there are so many people who don't have access to clean drinking water. By reducing how much water you waste, you can help the environment. Thankfully, there are so many ways to help. I could probably write a whole blog post about this alone, but here are some ideas to get you started:
  • Turn off the tap while brushing your teeth, since it can save over two gallons of water.
  • Only run the washing machine and dish washer when they are full.
  • Dispose of chemical substances properly- never pour it down the drain, sewer, on the ground.
  • Use mulch in gardens to help absorb water and keep the soil moisturized longer.
  • Avoid pesticides and herbicides so you do not contaminate water or harm children/pets.
  • If you use a slow-flow showerhead, you can save 15 gallons of water during a 10 minute shower.
  • Showers are the more water-efficient way to bathe. It takes 70 gallons of water to fill a bathtub.
  • Fix dripping faucets. One drop per second can waste up to 2,700 gallons of water.
  • Weigh down two plastic bottles with pebbles, fill it with water, screw the cap back on, then put them in your toilet tank. Or you can go buy an inexpensive tank bank. This saves up to ten or more gallons of water a day.
  • People can waste 30% less water by installing water-efficient fixtures.

8. Upcycle: classy glassy

Put those wine and beer bottles to use!
Glass can be turned into so many different things: just remember to be careful working with it! Any broken pieces can be made into mosaic art. You can even use old or blank CD's to decorate a million different things like mirrors, tissue boxes, tables, glass ornaments, and so much more! Actual glass bottles, like wine or beer bottles, can be turned into candle holders or vases. Just be careful and learn how to cut wine bottles first! Then you can pretty much make anything. If you're iffy on cutting glass, no worries. You can simply paint glass bottles with acrylic paint, as I've mentioned in a previous blog post, and make it into a vase. Personally, I've done this and use it to water my plants now: glass bottles have easy-to-direct nozzles, after all!

9. Plant organic, eat organic

When you make your own food, it's not only rewarding, but good for you and the planet.
Nasty pesticides aren't good for the planet, or you. To avoid that, try organic gardening. Better yet, plant what you eat! You'll be saving money as well as growing healthy food that isn't sprayed with toxins. There's not much to organic gardening: after all, your great grandparents probably did it, since there were no genetically mutated plants back then. All you need is a space to garden, a desire to learn, and the proper tools. For outdoor organic gardening, check out this article by Better Homes and Gardens. Limited space? No problem, just get yourself some terra cotta pots, organic soil, seeds, and fertilizer. Then you're ready to go! If you're new to gardening, try growing basil from seed, since it's easy to do and magical to watch. Simply follow the instructions on the back of the packet. All you'll have to do is pour the potting soil into the terra cotta pot, but make sure it's not filled too high. Then place the tiny black seeds onto the soil, making sure they're not too close together. Cover them gently with a little soil, but not much, then give them some water. Make sure you have a saucer underneath the terra cotta pot to catch excess water, seeing as the pot should have a drainage hole at the bottom. Place your plant in an east or west facing window and then you're done. Make sure to water once a day, as long as the soil is dry!

10. Upcycle: rubber for the win

Remember playing on those tire swings when you were a kid? Turns out they're great for the environment. They promote upcycling!
Rubber is in a lot of things, like tires, and can be recycled into anything from mats to chairs. Try your hand at creating a mat from recycled tires. If that's too challenging, try using an old tire to create a swing, chair, or a dog bed. Do you have an outdoor garden? Try investing in a rubber landscape edging. It'll help protect your plants from weed while giving it a defined edge.

 11. Protect wildlife by making a donation

Prefer to help from a distance? Make a donation to an animal charity. Check out this site for over 170 animal organizations you can help support: . Each organization listed has a legend which makes it easier to identify what sort of charity it is. Passionate about industrial agriculture and animal testing? Look for the little chicken and bunny symbols. Just want to donate to something that protects general animal rights? They have that too, along with 8 other organization types aside from the ones mentioned.

12. Know what's in your makeup

Be careful: there could be toxins in that mascara you love so much. Read the ingredients and do your research!

Can you confidently say you know the ingredients in your makeup? If not, maybe you should read the label and see what it says. You'll probably see things you can't even pronounce, like Triclosan, and Sodium Lauryl Sulfate. If that's the case, it's a bad sign. Some ingredients put into makeup can be toxic to your health (and the environment). It's a good idea to research the chemicals you see in your products and make your own decision as to whether you're comfortable with putting that on your face and skin. Remember, 60% of the products you use seeps into your bloodstream. Here are some ingredients you should avoid at all costs: Fragrance (synthetic, used as a euphemism for nearly 4,000 different ingredients), Phthalates and Parabens (preservatives linked to breast cancer), Sodium Lauryl Sulfate and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (exposure causes eye damage, depression, diarrhea, and many other ailments), Triclosan (disrupts hormones, can affect sexual function and fertility, and may foster birth defects). There are several other toxic ingredients not listed here, so do your own research before you buy anything. If you want to play it safe, try using organic, natural beauty products instead, like Honey Girl Organics,  and 100% Pure. Honey Girl Organics is USDA approved, which is something you should look for on all beauty products. The USDA seal guarantees that at least 95% of the ingredients in the product are organic. Honey Girl Organics focuses mainly on skin care, but if you're looking for a vegan product, it might not be your best bet since it contains bee byproduct. However, 100% Pure, while not USDA certified, is 100% cruelty-free and has the Leaping Bunny seal to prove it. I'm okay with there being no USDA seal because most 'organic brands' sadly don't have it. However, I've been using 100% Pure for a while and I trust them because they list their ingredients openly on their website. After carefully studying them, I've decided they're better than most other 'organic brands' that still have harmful chemicals in them. However, feel free to experiment and search around on your own!

13. Upcycle: Get creative with plastic 

Haven't stopped drinking bottled water yet?
Get creative with it instead!

Recycling is great, but getting creative with old plastic can be fun as well as functional. Why not try making those plastic bottles into pencil holders, watering cans, bird feeders, lanterns, or jewelry holders? The possibilities are endless. You can also collect bottle caps and use them to create 3D art. Also, another great, artsy idea is to create a 3D plastic painting. All you would need is a piece of paper, a few plastic bottles, scissors, a hot glue gun, acrylic paint, and some brushes. You could decide to wing it, or plan out exactly what you want to create. When I did this, I made a fox but didn't plan it out. I cut up the plastic bottles and used the hot glue gun to glue them into place. I had to be careful because I almost burnt myself and the plastic became a little distorted from the heat! However, the final result was cute and once I arranged the plastic pieces on the paper, I got painting! So go on and give it a try to see for yourself.

14. Read up: books and magazines worth the time

Staying up to date with all the latest environmental issues is a great thing. While social media and news outlets can help you stay up to date, magazines and books are great too. Some great non-fiction books I recommend are the Plastic Purge, The Emotional Lives of Animals, and National Geographic Guide to Medicinal Herbs. The Plastic Purge by Michael Sanclements talks about how plastic impacts not only the environment, but human health, and how important it is to use less plastic. The Emotional Lives of Animals by Marc Bekoff is a moving text that gives numerous accounts of animal emotions, ranging from happiness to jealousy, in multiple animals such as birds, wolves, lions, and even fish. The National Geographic Guide to Medicinal Herbs by Rebecca L. Johnson, Steven Foster, Tieraona Low Dog, and David Kiefer, is a great guide to the world's most effective healing plants for all sorts of ailments, ranging from diabetes to a cold. As far as magazines go, I prefer OrganicLife and Audubon. OrganicLife is great because it's content matches it's title: it covers a wide range of organics in home, food, gardening, and wellbeing. If I ever wonder what my next step should be in making my life greener, I turn to OrganicLife magazine. As far as Audubon magazine goes, its main focus is on bird conservation. Many species are endangered, and Audubon works to save them. The magazine and the website are both beautiful, plus they have great birding tips!

15. Use eco-friendly cleaning supplies

Mrs. Meyers is one of several natural cleaning supplies. Just be careful: some claim to be organic and still don't have a USDA seal! It's ultimately up to you to decide what you're comfortable trusting.
Ah, nothing like the smell of bleach to make you want to barf, right? Instead of using chemical-based products, why not swap it for ecofriendly cleaning products? That way you won't have to worry about the toxins anymore. Some great brands to give a try are Mrs. Meyer's Clean Day, Nature Clean, Method, and Ecover. If you rather DIY your own eco-friendly cleaning products, that's an option too. Lemon juice diluted with water works wonders on cutting boards, counter tops, and mirrors. Or try mixing 1/2 cup of vinegar, 1/2 gallon of water, and 1/4 cup of baking soda together to create an all purpose cleaner.

Five last minute green gifts you can make

Don't have a minute to spare and still need to get that special someone a gift? Here are five DIY gift ideas that won't break the bank or hurt the environment this holiday season:  

                            Sugar Scrubs

Possibly the simplest thing to make, the base of all good sugar scrubs are, you guessed it, sugar. Any sort of sugar works, but you can experiment with different kinds (like brown or cane sugar) to see what you like best. To make a simple scrub, just combine sugar and olive oil in a jar. If you want to get fancy, you can add lavender, vanilla, almond, peppermint, or citrus essential oils to your scrub for scent. Add as much of each ingredient as needed. To decorate the jar, you can tie a bow on it, buy a chalkboard sticker at Michael's, or draw/label your jar using sharpies.


Transform an old wine vase, or any glass bottle for that matter, into a beautiful vase with acrylic paint. Get creative and wing it. You can make it holiday-themed or just design something you know the other person will love. When you're done, and it's dry, you can fill it with candy or little folded notes, depending on how big the hole is.

 Gardening Gift

Know someone who loves to get their hands dirty? Take an old terra cotta pot and saucer, or buy them for cheap at a craft store, and paint them with acrylic paint. Use whatever fun design you want and get as creative as you like. Then, once it dries, put potting soil in the pot and place a packet of seeds on top. If you're feeling really creative, grab a rock from outside, paint it, and then write the name of the seeds you bought on it, such as carrots, so they can identify their plant once it's planted. Take the saucer and put it on top of the pot, making sure to cover it. Tie them together with a ribbon.


Peppermint Lip Balm

To stave off cracked lips, try making this simple concoction. All you need is 1 tablespoon of coconut oil, 1 tablespoon of beeswax, one tablespoon of olive oil, and 8-10 drops of peppermint essential oil. Heat the coconut oil, beeswax, and olive oil together until thoroughly melted. Turn off the heat and add the peppermint essential oil, mixing it thoroughly. Carefully pour the liquid into a small container of your choice (you can probably get one at CVS or a craft store for cheap). Let sit until cool (approximately 30 minutes).

 Customize a blank mug

You can find one in your cabinet you don't use or go get one for cheap at a dollar store. Using sharpies, you can write and draw whatever you want on the mug. Perhaps some cute saying like, "I love you", "Obligatory Christmas Mug (Available for use from December 1- 31)", "Happy Holidays", "Slurp away" or "The Handy-Dandy Mug" will inspire you. Doubt your drawing skills? Worried your writing will stink? No worries: purchase some cheap letter stencils from a craft store to stay in the clear. The  part about this gift is that you can stuff goodies, like hard candies, chocolates, and cookies, into the mug too.

How to make lemon lavender air freshener

Air fresheners are nice, but the ingredients aren't. Most air fresheners contain chemicals that are toxic to the environment and even potentially harmful to humans. Some of these chemicals are formaldehyde, petroleum distillates, 1,4 dichlorobenzene and aerosol propellants. Half those ingredients I can't even pronoun, which is usually a bad sign. Thankfully, air fresheners are easy to make at home. Here's one I made with four simple ingredients:

Lemon Lavender Air Freshener

Things you'll need:
  • Lemon essential oil (20-30 drops)
  • Lavender essential oil (15-20 drops)
  • 1 teaspoon of baking soda
  • Water
  • A bowl
  • A spoon
  • An empty spray bottle
  • A funnel (or small measuring spoon)
Note: I wanted lemon to be the strongest scent, but if you want lavender to be stronger, switch the amount of drops I recommend for the two essential oils.
Example: Make lemon (15-20 drops), and lavender (20-30 drops).

Baking soda, a spray bottle, and lemon/lavender essential oil.

  1. Take 1 teaspoon of baking soda and add it to the bowl using the spoon.
  2. Add 20-30 drops of lemon essential oil to the baking soda. Mix it together with the spoon. The baking soda should become a little clumpy. Add more essential oil for a stronger scent, if desired.
  3. Add 15-20 drops of lavender essential oil to the baking soda. Mix together. Add more essential oil for a stronger scent, if desired. 
  4. Use the funnel, or a small measuring spoon, to transfer the mixture into the empty spray bottle.
  5. Once the mixture is transferred, add water to the spray bottle. Once it's filled, make sure the top is screwed on tight to prevent leakage, then shake the bottle. This will help the water infuse with the mixture. Spritz the air, smell, and ta-da! You're done.
Note:  If you want to make a label, simply cut a piece of paper into the shape of your desire, write what you want on it, color it, then tape it onto the bottle. In order to make sure the tape doesn't show, fold the tape in half before sticking it on the label, then put it on the bottle. You might need more than one piece to make sure the label stays on.

Herbs to Get You Through Cold and Flu Season

By: Ariana Palmieri
Ho, ho, ho, here come the sniffles! We all know that winter can be a drag, but what's worse is getting sick. Colds and flus are no fun, but they sure do spread easily this time of year. To stay on your game this season, make sure you have these five herbs stocked in your pantry. Bonus: some of them might already be in there.
Just in time for the holidays, this herb - not so much the candy - will help you ton loads. This herb is proven to help with thinning mucus and relieving stuffy noses. Try drinking peppermint tea, that's steeped for 10 minutes, 2-3 times a day. Since mentholated lozenges are approved by the Food and Drug Administration, it couldn't hurt to suck on a peppermint candy for a sore throat, but remember that lozenges work best when they contain 5 to 10 milligrams of peppermint.


While garlic won't give you minty fresh breath, it certainly knows how to pack a punch. Aside from fighting colds, it regulates cholesterol levels, prevents heart disease, strengthens the immune system, and reduces high blood pressure. Pretty cool huh? At the first onset of a cold, it's best to eat raw garlic. The reason? Some of the herb's benefits are lost through cooking. However, if you can't stomach that, try using garlic in your everyday cooking, like adding some garlic powder to chicken soup.


Almost everyone innately knows to buy Ginger Ale for people who have viruses. But did you know ginger can also help with coughs and colds? The compounds in ginger have been shown to eliminate many of the viruses associated with the common cold. However, the healthiest way to ingest ginger is through tea. To make fresh ginger tea, chop up a one inch slice of fresh ginger, or use a teaspoon of powdered ginger, and put it in a cup. Pour boiled water into the cup and let steep for 10-15 minutes. Be sure to strain the ginger out before drinking. For best results, drink 1-3 cups per day to get rid of a nasty cough or cold.


This pretty herb is famous for its ability to shorten the length of colds and flus, while dramatically decreasing their severity. At the first sign of illness, make sure to steep 1-2 tablespoons of the herb in a cup of boiling water for at least 10 minutes. Echinacea essential oil is also incredibly healing: try placing a few drops of it into boiling water and inhaling to clear the sinuses.

You probably associate licorice with red or black chewy candies, but it's much more than that. Licorice root, with it's tissue-coating properties, can soothe sore throats, coughs, and even heartburn. No one knows who first discovered licorice, but it was revered for it's sweetness in Egypt and made into a drink that is still enjoyed there today. Try eating a licorice infused lozenge or drinking licorice root tea that's been steeped for 10 minutes.

Four ways to show your gratitude this Thanksgiving

On Thanksgiving, my family has a tradition of asking everyone around the table what they're grateful for. I almost always say I'm thankful for my loved ones, but Thanksgiving is more than just acknowledging what you have, it's about cherishing what you have. Here's some simple ways you can help make those closest to you feel the love this year:

 Give someone a big hug

Okay, it sounds super simple, but trust me, it works. Hugs are extremely therapeutic and they can actually help lower blood pressure and diminish stress. But make sure it's not a quick one: studies show longer hugs, typically lasting around 20 seconds, produce the best stress-relieving results. So, get hugging!

Help out with dinner

That feast on the table? Yeah, that takes work. But lending a hand won't go unnoticed. Try bringing your own dish, arriving early to help cook the meal, setting the table, or cleaning the dishes. Your host will be sure to thank you.

Give an unexpected gift

No worries, I'm not asking you to go out and buy Christmas presents yet. However, surprising your host with a gift will show you care. You can craft something, like my rose bath bombs, or make a Thanksgiving-themed thank you card for your host.

Bring a game

Eating isn't the only thing you should look forward to. Try bringing a fun game everyone can participate in, like HedBanz or Storymatic. Whatever you decide to bring, get others involved! They'll love getting to spend time with you and making new memories. Can't get a new game in time for Thanksgiving? Try bringing playing cards! There are a bunch of fun games you can play with a group, such as Go Fish, Blackjack, War, and Poker.

Now, have a Happy Thanksgiving!

Four wonderful herbs for beauty

Looking for a more natural way to cure acne, fight wrinkles, or simply reduce anxiety levels?
Beauty routine lacking results? Then give these herbs a shot:


Why you love it: This classic flower represents not only beauty, but pure love.
What it does: Wrinkling and sagging skin, be gone! Roses are known for restoring a youthful glow to the complexion. Simply use rosewater as a toner. Already have a youthful complexion? No problem: roses can also give hair volume, fragrance, and shine. Just rub one drop of rose essential oil onto your hands and comb it into your hair. Caution: avoid adding too much oil to your roots (this will make your hair greasy.) Rose is also considered an aphrodisiac, so investing in some rose-scented body lotion couldn't hurt (wink, wink.)
Where to get it: Amazon, or try rosewater hand and body lotion.


Why you love it: It's the best tea to drink when you need your beauty sleep.
What it does: Stress eating away at your good looks? No worries: chamomile's got this. This soothing herb is packed with chemical constituents, such as azulene and bisabolol (I know, big words), that help fight blemishes and stop wrinkles in their tracks. The herb also works miracles on gastrointestinal problems, like stomachaches and infections, so your insides can feel beautiful too.
Where to get it: Amazon, or try drinking some chamomile tea.


Why you love it: It's peppery, soothing scent is distinct and memorable.
What it does: Just smelling this herb can calm you down. Lavender is proven to help ease headaches and fight insomnia. Along with that, lavender has anti-inflammatory, skin-regenerative properties that make it great for treating acne. The essential oil is gentle on skin, so you can dab it on problem areas without having to worry.
Where to get it: Amazon, or try an organic lavender facial cleanser.

Witch Hazel

Why you love it: It catches all the dirt and grime on your skin that most facial wipes miss.
What it does: It may not be known for it's lovely smell, but witch hazel is a must-have for disinfecting minor cuts and scrapes. It also has wonderful antioxidant properties that make it the perfect new addition to your skin care routine. Take a cotton ball, dab it with witch hazel, then wipe off your makeup. You'll be disgusted with how much residue sits on your face (trust me), and probably need more than just one cotton ball to get it all off. Witch hazel will also help shrink pores and treat acne.

The art of birding: A bird lover's story

By: Ariana Palmieri
Everywhere I look, I see birds. Above the television stand hangs a painting of two affectionate Passenger Pigeons linking beaks. Statues of Puffins holding fish in their beaks face each other in a never ending stare down in front of the television. A photograph of a Blue Bird puffing out its chest hangs above an owl statue, a bird lamp, and a collection of various bird feathers. Tweets can be heard from Jake, a 21-year-old Senegal from North Africa, and Oliver, a 19-year-old Monk Parakeet from South America, as they sit independently on their individual cages. This is Toni Canzoneri's home, and she wouldn't want it any other way. 

Toni Canzoneri with Oliver, a 19-year-old Monk Parakeet.
Canzoneri has been an avid birder for 14 years and is a New Jersey Audubon member. Her father owned a pigeon coop in New York City for 50 years and had up to 250 pigeons at one point.
"He used to work in the evening," said Canzoneri, "so he would leave the house at three and if it was the summer, I used to have to put the birds back in. I had names for the pigeons when I was little, I watched them hatch out of their shell. It definitely gave me exposure to birds and I wasn't afraid of them." 

Canzoneri's other pet bird, Jake, a 21-year-old Senegal.

BBFs forever: Jake, Oliver, and Clayton 

This love for birds inspired Canzoneri to buy her pet birds, Jake and Clayton. Clayton, an intelligent African Grey she got from a breeder, lived a long 20 years with Canzoneri. 
Jake was purchased from a pet store on Staten Island when he was three months old. She adopted her other bird, Oliver, when he was two years old from her friend's brother-in-law. 

"They kept Oliver in the basement," said Canzoneri, "Supposedly Oliver hated the wife and she told me 'don’t go near the cage, he’s going to bite you.' But instead he gave me kisses, so that was it. I fell in love."
According to Canzoneri, Jake is the alpha. "He’s pretty jealous of Oliver, and very territorial. If Oliver comes flying over to me, he’ll be there in a minute.  If I have Oliver on one shoulder, he’ll actually try to attack him. I’m really careful with them, but when they’re on their cages they’re fine."

African-Fish Eagle in Africa. Photo credit: Toni Canzoneri.

The start of a life-long passion

Despite Canzoneri's love for birds, she didn't officially start birding until 2001. She went to Pace University and graduated with programming and accounting. However, when one of her relationships went sour, Canzoneri realized she needed to find something that would make her happy and introduce her to new people.
"I was always interested in birds and somebody suggested I take a bird walk. I signed up for one in Jamaica Bay in Queens with this woman, Starr Saphir. That trip changed everything for me," said Canzoneri, "I started going to Cape May and I met a lot of people there. Then  I started going on weekend trips with Brooklyn Bird Club, New York City Bird Club, and with New Jersey Audubon."
Ever since then, Canzoneri has travelled to 22 states exclusively for birding. She got her start by looking up bird clubs online and came across New York City Bird Club and Brookylyn Bird Club. She started with  those two clubs a lot and she didn't even need to join. She just had to call, register for the bird trip and go. Both clubs posted their events online and she was able to pick and choose which events she wanted to attend. Starr Saphir organized these private trips and they would only cost $6 a person. Canzoneri and her group would go to several different spots, depending on which club she went with.
"If it was with New York City Bird Club, we'd go to Central Park a lot," said Conzoneri, "I went more places with the Brooklyn Bird Club, like Queens and Connecticut, since more of the members had cars."
Canzoneri learned about the New Jersey Audubon society by going to Cape May and talking to other birders.  She signed up online and gets notifications about birds that are endangered, such as the Piping Plovers and some of the American Oyster Catchers, which nest on New York City's beaches. "We don’t have a lot of endangered species in New York City because we don’t have the forestry as much as other cities, like New Jersey."
The benefits of joining Audubon society are numerous: Canzoneri has taken local trips as well as trips out of the country. The trips that occur in the states can vary in price, but usually it will cost $3,000 for a trip that lasts ten days. The trips out of state are more expensive, but members are guaranteed several tours, a safari, and a tented camp.

Cuban Pygmy Owl in Cuba. Photo credit: Toni Canzoneri.

Birding: it's not as hard as it looks

Birding can seem intimidating at first, but for beginners, going on a local bird walk is the simplest way to start out. It's a good idea to take a pair of binoculars and a portable field guide.

"I usually get my binoculars from the Cape May Bird Observatory. I buy it directly from there because they actually test them for me, so I know once they come out of the box, somebody has already checked them." Canzoneri favors Nikon 8 x 42 binoculars, which can be found on amazon ranging from $300 to $200. If that's too expensive, just grab a cheap pair of binoculars to start out and save up for the more expensive ones.

"Grab a cheap pair of binoculars and just go," said Canzoneri, "The people are really friendly and open. Everyone will be willing to help you. They want you to see what they're seeing."

Canzoneri has birded in several countries such as Africa, Brazil, Botswana, South Africa, Zambia, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Panama, Costa Rica, and Spain. She plans to go back to Panama in January and Spain in May. She has taken over 22,000 pictures while birding.

"In Brazil I went to the Pantanal, which is kind of like the water basin, and also the Chapada, which is the drier upper land, "said Canzoneri, "The water actually floods in the Pantanal in certain times of the year and the Chapada is more dry and mountainous so each place has totally different kinds of species."

Canzoneri doesn't have to travel too far to see amazing species, though.

"I like to go to Great Kills Park and go birding. I’m relatively a good birder. If I don’t know a bird, I check my iPod because it’s got applications for bird identification. I use the application iBird Ultimate a lot. I can type in a bird and it will give me its field marks, what it sounds like, and where to find it in the United States. It's good to bring in the field because its nice and small, I throw it in my pocket."

Hyacinth Macaw Family in Brazil,  Pantanal - Chapada. Photo credit: Toni Canzoneri

Making friends for a lifetime

Through her passion, Canzoneri has met several people who are just as enthusiastic about birds as her. She is always meeting new people in the parks she visits, such as Clove Lake.

"Last spring, I went birding one day and I met this woman named Joan. I didn’t know her, but we were chatting and she said, ‘Oh you know I met this other woman last week here. Her name was Fran.’ I said ‘oh that’s nice.' The next day I went again because it was migration time. I'm walking along and I meet this other woman and she goes ‘oh hi, my name is Fran’. So I said, ‘Oh do you know Joan?’ and she goes ‘Yeah!’ So, we walked around the park and we were at this one spot where we could look across the pond, and there was Joan! After that the three of us got together, and now we make it a habit to meet up during migration time. We've met four or five times already," said Canzoneri.

Silver-throated Tanager in Costa Rica. Photo credit: Toni Canzoneri.

Treating the environment right, one step at a time

Birding not only fosters relationships between people, but also between people and the environment. Many birders are very eco-conscious and realize that many birds suffer due to human ignorance. For example, according to, over 1 million seabirds are killed by pollution every year. Litter, such as plastic and rotting food, can poison, injure, or even kill birds along with other wildlife.

"People need to keep their garbage in the car," said Canzoneri, who has all too often seen waste thrown out of vehicle windows. "Cigarettes and plastic bottles need to be disposed of properly. I don’t care if you drink from plastic bottles, but don’t throw them out the window, recycle them."

Along with recycling, it's important for people to know what to feed birds. Humans can also harm birds, albeit unintentionally, by feeding them human food, like bread.

"Bread isn't nutritional. It's better to feed birds nuts, seeds, and pellets." Pellets are crushed down byproducts that can be found in cat food. Canzoneri frequently feeds the ducks she sees at lakes and ponds with cat food, because not only do they eat it, but the leftovers get eaten by Common Grackles.

Still, why should anyone care about birds? Canzoneri has the answer:

"It’s the balance of nature," she said with a smile, "There needs to be some sort of ecosystem. We have Swallows and other birds that eat misquotes, along with other bugs we wouldn’t want to look at. That’s their food, and I wouldn’t want to get rid of anything."